Subject, Verb and Complement : Basic English Grammar part-1

grammar english

Subject

Every sentence in English must have a subject and in the case of commands, the subject {you} is understood.

Well, what is a subject then?

Subject is the person or thing that performs or responsible for the action of the sentence.  *Generally it precedes the verb.

Ice-cream is delicious.

Lemon contains vitamin c.

 

Subject may be a noun phrase. A noun phrase is a group of words ending with a noun.

 

The bag is on the shelf.

That old big bike is Peter’s.

 

~Now, Learn By Examples ~

The girl stood on the burning house.

Stone walls do not make a prison.

Mr. Jacob was rude at the bar one day.

The earth revolves round the sun.

Nature is the best physician.

 

Edison invented the phonograph.

On the top of the hills lives a magician.

The secretary is absent.

Solomon is not wise.

The food shop got burned.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Verb

A verb is a word that tells or asserts something about a person or thing. It comes from the Latin verbum. Verb is the most important word in a sentence, it shows the action.

Lynda runs too fast.

They love flowers.

I feel great!

The verb could be a verb phrase. A verb phrase consists of one or more auxiliaries & one main verb. The auxiliaries always precede the main verb.

 

Nina is going to Peru tomorrow.

{Auxiliary-is; main verb-going}

Adriana has been cooking that dish.

{Auxiliary-has been; main verb-cooking}

 

~ Now, Learn By Examples ~

The coolest boy in our class has long black hair and grey eyes.

Kathy is almost always a lot of fun.

Jasmine is very tall.

This book has a good bibliography.

Clara must have gone to the party.

 

Joey has gone countryside.

Mr. Schoulz is watching TV series.

Rikishi was driving very fast.

Omor kicks the football.

Coen ran a long road.

 

Nuri forgot his name.

The ant fought the wasps.

We call him Mr. Booger.

The gorilla kicked the monkey.

David enjoys good music.

 

Her dance does not interest me.

Do you know whether the circus show starts at six?

Dimitree eats thirteen times a day!

The dog ran after me.

I know a fat rude man.

 

Lisa speaks too slowly.

I love travelling J

Politics is not my thing.

The child fell asleep.

Your mp3 player lies on the table.

 

I looked down from my rooftop.

After the party, Farguson family went home.

Sugar tastes sweet.(!!)

Kuzubi called his brother a liar.

Her parents call her cutie.

 

We see with our eyes.

The cat of that old lady killed the mouse.

The punk boy made a disturbance at meeting.

That baby cries all the time.

He will finish the assignment in a fortnight.

 

My ring has been stolen.

We elected him class captain.

Open your book at page eight.

Earthquake shook the whole area.

Shake your hands.

This program appears twice monthly.

Chekov Kowalski works for a secret agency.

……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Complement

A complement is a part of sentence which completes the verb. It is generally a noun or noun phrase.  Complement generally follows the verb when the sentence is in the active voice.

 

It is important to remember that every sentence does not require a complement and it cannot begin with a preposition.

 

A complement answers the question whom? Or what?

 

~ Now, Learn By Examples ~

Ralf was enjoying a dessert.  {What was Ralf enjoying?  A dessert. }

They called police yesterday. {Whom did they call yesterday? Police.}

Ruby saw Samuel at the party last night. {Whom did ruby see at the party? Samuel.}

Taimoor wants to drink a glass of milk. {What does Taimoor want to drink? A glass of milk.}

 

Sara was driving a green car. {What was Sara driving? A green car.}

Uncle Thomas bought a pie yesterday. {What did uncle Thomas buy? A pie.}

 

Lola is cooking a dish tonight.

Abbas and Maliha have visited the senator.

Rebeka opened a current account at the bank last week.

Gina is washing clothes right now.

Martha opened her book.

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